Clavel-Henry, Morane; Bahamon, Nixon ; Solé, Jordi ; Gorelli, Giulia ; García, Joaé A.; Carretón, Marta ; Rotllant, Guiomar ; Company, Joan B. Journal of Marine Systems 209: 103372 (2020) DIGITAL CSIC
Submarine canyons aggregate numerous marine species and can aﬀect the structure of benthic communities. However, analyses dedicated to assess the spatial distribution variability among several canyons are rare. In the northwestern Mediterranean Sea, three major submarine canyons consecutively indent the narrow margin. There,the abundance of deep-sea blue and red shrimp Aristeusantennatus (Crustacea:Decapoda),oneofthemost important ﬁshery-targeted species in the western and central Mediterranean Sea, sustains relatively high incomes for the nearest ﬁshing harbors. To date, the spatial distribution of this shrimp species has only been assessed on known ﬁshing grounds, but it has neither been modeled simultaneously covering several submarine canyons nor according to the environmental conditions. In this study, we aimed to look over the spatiotemporal shrimp distribution in a region of the northwestern Mediterranean Sea with a particular interest in variations in the three submarine canyons. From summer landing data between 2005 and 2014, we implemented a species distribution model with georeferenced catches linked to environmental data of the shrimp habitats. The model showed that the bottom topography was one of the most essential variables to explain the spatial distribution of the catches and that the highest catch rates were between 475 m and 575 m depth. Overall, two canyons (Blanes and Palamós) sheltered high estimates of catches on the shallow and narrow part of their margins (at 510 and 565 mdepth). Amongthem, 60%ofestimatedsummercatchescamefromthePalamósCanyon, butthisestimate shifted to the Blanes Canyon in summer 2008, probably due to variations in ﬁshing ﬂeet behavior. Modeled hypothetical temperature changes scenarios (to 1 °C warmer than the average) suggested the shrimp catches would decrease lessinthe BlanesCanyon (3% fewercatchesthan the average) than inthePalamós Canyon (20% fewer catches than the average). The information produced by the species distribution model allowed setting spawning locations and depths, which is useful to better understand the canyon inﬂuence on benthic communities and to parameterize larval transport models.