Bevilacqua, Stanislao; Airoldi, Laura; Ballesteros, Enric; Benedetti-Cecchi, Lisandro; Boero, Ferdinando; Bulleri, Fabio; Cebrian, Emma; Cerrano, Carlo; Claudet, Joachim; Colloca, Francesco; Coppari, Martina; Di Franco, Antonio; Fraschetti, Simonetta; Garrabou, Joaquim; Guarnieri, Giuseppe; Guidetti, P.; Halpern, Benjamin S.; Katsanevakis, Stelios; Mangano, Maria Cristina; Micheli, Fiorenza; Milazzo, Marco; Pusceddu, Antonio; Renzi, Monia; Rilov, Gil; Sarà, Gianluca; Terlizzi, Antonio. Mediterranean rocky reefs in the Anthropocene: Present status and future concerns. Advances in Marine Biology : doi:10.1016/bs.amb.2021.08.001 (2021) DIGITAL CSIC
Global change is striking harder and faster in the Mediterranean Sea than elsewhere, where high levels of human pressure and proneness to climate change interact in mod- ifying the structure and disrupting regulative mechanisms of marine ecosystems. Rocky reefs are particularly exposed to such environmental changes with ongoing trends of degradation being impressive. Due to the variety of habitat types and associated marine biodiversity, rocky reefs are critical for the functioning of marine ecosystems, and their decline could profoundly affect the provision of essential goods and services which human populations in coastal areas rely upon. Here, we provide an up-to-date overview of the status of rocky reefs, trends in human-driven changes undermining their integrity, and current and upcoming management and conservation strategies, attempting a pro- jection on what could be the future of this essential component of Mediterranean marine ecosystems.